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慕課與傳統教育有什么不同|區別 慕課與傳統教育對比

2015-08-07福利彩票系统

當下,我國各大高校也開始研究慕課,迫不及待地加入慕課的行列,并且開設大量的網絡課程,慕課的發展對我國傳統教育產生了巨大的沖擊。慕課與傳統教育有什么不同呢?它們之間有什么區別,又該如何與我國傳統教育相融合呢?


慕課與傳統教育的區別


慕課指大規模的網絡開放課程,吸引了全球眾多名校加盟,并與全球的學習者共享優質學習資源。網絡上各種形式的公開課很多,既有國際名校的公開課,也有國內大學的視頻公開課。從某種程度上來說,慕課增加了學生接受教育的公平機會。傳統大學課堂教學主要由教師和學習者構成,教師占主導地位的教學方式,學生被動接受知識。


1.教學方式有別


慕課平臺的視頻課程大都是名校名師或者行業專家,教學方式比較新穎。其課程有免費、收費及部分收費三種形式。免費的基本是文學類、歷史類等偏文科型的課程,或者是普及性的課程。收費的課程大多是理工類的課程,理工類課程一般都傳授一項或多項技能。慕課課程的連續性很強,其連續性有一定的吸引力。復旦大學的教授黃萱菁研究了Coursera的許多課程之后發出感慨,說上課就像玩通關游戲,視頻課程被切割成10min甚至更小的微課程,由許多個小問題穿插其中連貫而成,就像游戲里的通關設置,只有答對,才能繼續聽課。這樣的授課方式有較強的吸引力,兼具知識性和趣味性。


福利彩票系统 MUKEDEXUEXIKONGJIANXIANGDUILINGHUO,ZHIYAOYOUWANGLUOLIANJIEDAODIANNAO,JIUKEYIJINXINGZHISHIHEJINENGDEXUEXI。XIANGDUIYUCHUANTONGKETANG,MUKEXUEXIFANGSHIBIJIAOLINGHUO,XUEXISHIJIANKEYIYOUZIJILAIDING,BUBIXIANGCHUANTONGKETANGSHOUKECHENGBIAODEZHIYUE。CHUANTONGKETANGDEYIXIEKECHENGYOUDEYIJINGLUOHOUYUSHEHUISHENGHUODEXUYAO,BIJIAOBAOSHOUDEJIAOYUFANGSHINANYISHIYINGXIANDAIJIAOXUEXINGSHI。JINTIANKEJIGENGXINSUDUKUAI,CHENJIUDEJIAOXUEFANGSHIYIJINGGENBUSHANGXINXISHIDAIDEFAZHAN,MIANDUIZHAOBENXUANKEDEJIAOXUEMOSHI,XUESHENGGENGYUANYIXUANZELINGHUODUOYANGDEMUKEXUEXI。YOUQISHIYANJIUSHENGJIEDUANDEXUEXIXUYAOGENGQIANGDEZIZHUXING,FANGSHIXIANGBIBENKEJIEDUANYAODUOYANGHUA,DADUOYANJIUSHENGZIJIQUEDINGYANJIUNEIRONG、CHAZHAOZILIAORANHOUJINXINGXUEXIHEYANTAO,MUKEDETEDIANSHUNYINGLESHIDAIDEFAZHANHENIANQINGRENDEXINLIXUQIU。ERQIE,MUKEPINGTAIDESHIPINZHICHIXIAZAI,KEGONGHUIGUHEXUEXI,NIANQINGRENDUIMUKEQINGLAIYOUJIA。


2.教育者的差異


福利彩票系统 JIAOYUZHEZHIJIANZHUYAODECHAYITIXIANZAIZHISHIGENGXINNENGLIFANGMIAN。MUKEDEZHISHICHUANSHOUZHEJIBENDOUSHIMINGXIAODEJIAOSHI,ZHEXIERENDOUSHIYOUMINGWANGDEJIAOSHOU,BULUNSHIJIAOXUEHUANSHIYANJIUDOUKANCHENGYILIU,YOUXIANGDUIFENGFUDEJIAOXUEJINGYAN,NENGJISHIGENGXINZHISHI,SUOJIANGSHUDEZHISHIJIEJINXUESHUQIANYAN,XUESHENGNENGXUEXIDAOZUIXINDEZHISHI。SUIZHUWANGLUODEFAZHAN,KECHENGYEXUYAOGENSHANGSHIDAIDEBUFA,MUKEPINGTAIDEKECHENGKEYISUIZHUJIAOYUZHEDEXUQIUBUDUANGENGXIN。


福利彩票系统 CHUANTONGDAXUEDESHOUKEJIAOSHIJIAOXUEJINGYANHEKEYANSHUIPINGCHABIEJIAODA,ZHESHIMUQIANCHUANTONGDAXUEJIAOYUPUBIANCUNZAIDEQINGKUANG。ZAIWOGUO,DAXUEDECENGCIHUAFENYANGE,CENGCIJIAODIDAXUEDEJIAOSHIHENNANYOUJIAOKUANDEKONGJIANZHANSHIQIJIAOXUEJINENG,TONGSHIXUESHUFAZHANYEBIJIAOKUNNAN。XIANSHIZHONG,CHUANTONGDAXUELIDEJIAOSHOUJIBIANZILIJIAOSHEN,ZHISHIYEXIANGDUICHENJIU,YUNIANQINGRENNANMIANYOUDAIGOU,ZHEJIUNANYUDIAODONGXUESHENGDEXUEXIJIJIXING,ZHISHIJIAOXUEXIAOLVBUGAO。DAXUELIYINJINMUKESHIJIAOYUZHEJIAOXUEDERUNHUAJI,SHIXUESHENGCHANSHENGXUEXIXINGQUDEYIGEDONGYIN。


3.學習者的不同


CHUANTONGDAXUELIDEXUESHENGJINGGUOKAOSHIJINRULIXIANGDEDAXUE,DUOSHUXUESHENGJINGGUOSANNIANJINZHANGDEGAOZHONGJIEDUANDEXUEXI,JINRUDAXUEHOUBIJIAOQINGSONG,YIXIEXUESHENGJIUHUICHANSHENGSONGXIEXINLIHUOXUEXIDUODAI,YUSHITAMENDADUOMANGMUDIXUANZEZHUANYEHUOKECHENG,JIUZHI,JIUSHIQULEXUEXIZHISHIDEZHUDONGXINGHEJIJIXING,JINERYIKAOGUANLIZHEDEDUCUCAINENGXUEXI。BIQICHUANTONGDAXUEDEXUESHENG,MUKELIZHUCEDEXUEXIZHEYOUHENQIANGDEZIJUEXING,JIANCHIXIUWANYIMENKEJIUNENGXUEDAOZIJIXIANGYAODEZHISHIHEJINENG。ZIJUEXING、MUDEXINGCHAYISHICHUANTONGDAXUEDEXUESHENGHEZAIMUKEPINGTAIXUEXIZHEDEQUBIE。


CHUANTONGDAXUEDEKETANGLI,YIJIEKE,YIMINGJIAOSHI,XUESHENGRONGLIANGZUIDUOKEDALIANGSANBAIREN。RANERMUKEKETANGZEBUTONG,MUKEYITANGKEZAIXIANXUEXIDEXUESHENGSHUDONGZHESHANGWAN,BUFENDIQU、BUFENZHONGZU、BUFENGUOJIA、WULUNPINFU,ZHIYAOYOUWANGLUOHEDIANNAO。MUKEZHUCEDERENHENDUO,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,HENXIAOBILIDEZHUCEZHEYEBICHUANTONGYITANGKESUORONGNADEXUESHENGDUO。


福利彩票系统 SUIZHUWANGLUODEKUAISUFAZHAN,MUKEYEXUHUICHENGWEIXUESHENGXUANZEXUEXIDEYIGEQUDAO。SUIZHUMUKEKECHENGDEBUDUANFENGFU,XUEXIZHEDEZIZHUXINGHUIZENGQIANG。JIUXIANGZHIYEJIAOYUZAIJIANGLAIYAOCHENGWEIGAODENGJIAOYUDAZHONGHUAXUANZEDEYIGEZHUTIYIYANG,MUKEHUICHENGWEIXUESHENGZHONGSHIDEYIZHONGXUEXIFANGSHI。


福利彩票系统 ZAIMUKEKUAISUFAZHANDEBEIJINGXIA,CHUANTONGDAXUEZAIJIAOXUEFANGSHI、KECHENGSHEZHIDENGGEFANGMIANDOUYAOZUOCHUYIDINGDEGAIGE,FOUZECHUANTONGDAXUEDESHENGMINGLIJIANGSHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

慕課


慕課與傳統大學課堂的融合與發展


目前,對慕課與傳統大學教育的關系有三種看法,第一種觀點是,在慕課背景下傳統大學將來會消失,慕課會占據未來學習的主體地位;第二種觀點是,慕課和傳統大學會互相融合,協調發展;第三種觀點是,慕課會成為傳統大學的一個積極的輔助因素。


目前,一些大學的課程學習考核是以修滿學分為標準,如果這樣的話,在慕課平臺學習相關課程即可修滿學分。例如,2014年,湖南大學工商管理學院的曾雙立,從寢室到南校區上課要幾十分鐘,浪費了不少時間,后來慕課平臺上出現了相同的課程,他選了一門名為翻譯有道的課程,授課的是千里之外的上海外國語大學的教師,坐在寢室里,曾雙立就能完成大部分的課程學習,不需要固定的時間,躺著也能把學分修滿。這就是慕課的便捷之處。


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福利彩票系统 RENHESHIWUDEFAZHANDOUYOUQIGUILV,NENGSHIYINGSHEHUIDEFAZHANBIANQIANCAIHUIYOUWANGSHENGDESHENGMINGLI。CHUANTONGDAXUEKEYICHANGSHIGAIBIANYIWANGXIANGDUIBAOSHOUDESHANGKEMOSHI,KEYITUIJIANXUESHENGXUEXIMUKEKECHENG,XUESHENGZHANGWODEZHISHIHUIGENGJIASHENKE,ZHISHIMIANHUIGENGJIAKUANGUANG,ZHEYANGYEJIESHENGLEJIAOSHIDESHOUKESHIJIAN。TONGSHIXUEXIAOHUANKEYIZHUOQINGSHAOPINQINGYIXIELILUNKECHENGDELAOSHI,JIEYUEZIJIN,KAIZHANYANJIU。MUKESHIJIAOYULINGYUDEXINSHENGSHIWU,GENGJIARENWENHUA,QUESHIGEIXUEXIZHEDAILAILEZIZHUXUEXIDEQIJI,QIBIANJIEXINGHEQIANZHANXINGQUESHIWEIXIANDAIJIAOYUZHURUSHENGJIHEHUOLI。RANER,WULUNCONGRENWENJIAOYUHUANSHISUZHIJIAOYUJIAODULAIKAN,MUKEDOUZHINENGZUOWEICHUANTONGDAXUEJIAOYUDEFUZHUGONGJU。MUQIAN,ZAIWOGUOYINGSHIDAOXIANGDEJICHUJIAOYUHEWENPINGDAOXIANGDEGAODENGJIAOYUSHIDAI,MUKEZHINENGZHANJUYIXIZHIDI,BUHUIQUDAICHUANTONGKETANGJIAOXUE。ZAICIJICHUSHANGMUKERUONENGYUCHUANTONGKETANGJIAOXUEYOUJIRONGHE,BIRANHUIGEICHUANTONGKETANGJIAOXUEDAILAIGAIGEYUFAZHANDEQIJI。


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